Local workshops for supporting DIY / local knowledge production

Do you or @Cris know someone researching or applying this theory allied with open source philosophy/culture/tech/etc?

I know two people doing it, one studied CTA (a lab for OSH) from the perspective of CoP (article in Portuguese here, and the other is researching online CoP of physics teachers (Colombia+Brasil - article in Portuguese here.

They also published (in Portuguese) a literature review about CoP on science education here.

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Hi,
Here is a paper that refers to CoP for studying OSH practices. CoP concept has been coined in order to facilitate knowledge transfer in companies. This has been very powerful way to improve knowledge management and understand knowledge dynamics inside organisations. However, in OSH communities, this might be a bit different, although knowledge dynamics is a core element of the communities.
Hope it helps …
Best, JF

Boujut, J., Pourroy, F., Marin, P., Dai, J., & Richardot, G. (2019). Open Source Hardware Communities: Investigating Participation in Design Activities. Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, 1 (1), 2307-2316. doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.237

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Thanks to @gbathree for introducing me to this forum. I could
skim through some of the posts, and very excited to see the high
quality of the discussions here.

We (TREELabs) have been exploring a model of sustainable
economic development using innovation. We wish to keep the
core values of freedom and justice for every individual and the
planet as a whole, central and sacrosanct. It has its core ideas
borrowed from the open source / free software movements, but
added a few to address the gaps for creating large scale impact.

An example of limitations experienced in open source software:
Although open source software has made tremendous inroads
and impact to the world, the reality is that every piece of software
that is developed has to run on hardware that is not open-source.
Software can be readily copied and disseminated. Hardware
often requires extremely expensive infrastructure and resources
to manufacture. Compare: open-source software development
projects may run into 10-20 million USD, but to set up a plant to
manufacture the latest microprocessors would go in excess of
10 billion USD ( ratio of nearly 1000 !). This is therefore outside
the realm of conventional open source funding mechanisms.

Here is a short (7min) presentation about Treelabs:

Although the wording is a bit India-centric here, but the idea is
not limited to India

Our key thoughts and considerations:

  1. How to innovate - as an algorithm, if possible? How do we
    excite young minds to explore and think out of the box? How to
    innovate that is wealth-producing and ‘humane’?

  2. How to keep ownership of innovations in the Commons
    (and not privately with conventional corporations)? Current
    system is based on a monopoly-centric thinking.

  3. Funding mechanisms : Need a self-fueling approach. If
    funding comes from outside, so will the associated vested
    interests.

  4. Create distributed local solutions locally. How to enable
    such mechanisms?

  5. Creating meaningful and local jobs in large numbers. Let
    the activity be sustained with local wealth creation. When
    anyone is starving and helpless, it is difficult to expect them
    to innovate (which is usually a luxury activity for the mind).

  6. How to incorporate and ensure the use of environmentally
    sustainable principles? Judicious and sustainable use of resources
    like energy, water, materials, food, etc., is obviously important.

  7. How to create mechanisms for ‘humane’ values (as against
    selfish interests) to go in self-propagating mode, hand in hand
    with innovation and wealth-creation?

  8. How to allow good ideas and mechanisms to go viral without
    ‘preaching’? One has to implement this without sounding like
    doling out sermons. Better still if it can be a silent revolution.

  9. How to create a distributed (with rural emphasis) model for
    creation of abundant wealth. Cities are environmentally (and
    therefore economically) unsustainable in the way we have
    designed them. The way forward has to be a model that does
    not mimic the energy and resource sinking current urban
    framework.

The rising of corporate juggernauts and ‘banana’ / sycophant
governments worldwide is a concern. Can we create mechanisms
to not allow excessive powers in the hands of a few? How do we
restore a balance from the existing baggage of history thrusted
upon common people? Assuming that these problems will go away
without a clear path and action is just wishful thinking. Can we
evolve into ‘open-source governance’ and truly become a world
without conventional boundaries?

Here in an examples of the approach:
Using less energy (as a key resource) is important, and even
better if this energy is generated locally, if possible :

Nearly 30% of food produced worldwide is wasted due to lack
of adequate refrigeration alone ! Even at a personal level, we
tend to store food in refrigerators / cold-storages to prevent it from
getting spoiled. Energy used by even a small home refrigerator
is around 100W (or 8.64 MJ over 24 hours).

Compare this with the process of creating an evacuated space
(possibly with a brief UV exposure) in which food is stored. The
energy spent ideally would be PV (where P is the atmospheric
pressure and V the volume being evacuated). For an evacuated
space of 1 liter, the work done would be only around 100 Joules !
Whereas the absence of oxygen would not allow the aerobic
pathogens to grow, the UV exposure (estimate another 100 J)
takes care of the anaerobic pathogens. The evacuated space
itself can maintain itself for weeks, if not longer, thereby not
letting spoilage to set in. Thus the ratio of energy consumption
from the two approaches is 50,000 or more !

This way not only have we prevented food spoilage, a valuable
resource, but also not burnt large quantities of fossil fuel. Given
that this is an essential need for practically everyone, one can
estimate its large scale impact for the world.

Here is another example (Ice Maker):
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1S71vAmtxqmuj8B9xbt2Pyg7uAueiFilh/view?usp=sharing

In this model being pursued, we use wealth creating ideas
to create local economic solutions (businesses, run by and
employing local people) that is a win-win for everyone and
the planet.

Hope to learn a lot from all of you. Apologies for a very long
post.

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@Chris used the theory of CoP to study the Maker movement in the English African countries. I did the same for Francophone African countries. Currently, we have a working document in which we are comparing the 02 contexts.

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Thank you @Boujut and @thomasmboa , I’m willing to talk more about it.

I understand that you used the theory to analyse the communities. But have you tried to use it to build, to create, to seed a community?

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absolutely @marinappdf, I used it to analyse the dynamics inside the communities. Regarding your question, I suspect that Wenger recent work’s (2020) can bring interesting answers.

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Good point ! Personnally as a researcher I never used CoP as a tool. However I know some PhD that did so. the problem is that they are in French. You may contact the authors directly and interact with them. May be they can provide some info in English.

https://www.theses.fr/124074642

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Hi All (@marinappdf @Boujut @thomasmboa @tiberiusb ) -

@Dip and friends are setting up a call on this topic for the 1st of April via phone.

If you’re interested, let me know and I’ll email invite you. Glad to see the topic revisited, and thanks all for the useful resources!

This is the current time of the event: 10am EST: https://calendar.google.com/event?action=TEMPLATE&tmeid=MGJrNWlrdTc3ZWg0aHNmamM2cjl1OWl0dWYgZ2JhdGhyZWVAbQ&tmsrc=gbathree%40gmail.com

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Sure, put me in Greg.
Will I get a calendar invite or I schedule it myself?

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Yes, I would be glad to join. Please, send me the invitation :smiley:

Great @gbathree you can count me in.

Hi, unfortunately not available on April 1rst. I support the idea to use CoP results to implement in OSH, DIY communities (that are CoP de facto)…
JF

I’d love to join in on this call if that’s ok?

Thanks @gbathree for reloading this discussion :slight_smile: I am particularly interested in developing technical means to search and match local skills together, but also with global resources, and ensure that things happen. I am not yet sure how to do this.

Thanks for making the invitation. So many thoughts after reading this.

It seems that open source hardware is missing a sales and marketing force.

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It was a pretty good call for anyone who missed, though quite large. I believe that @Albercook is following up directly with @Dip, perhaps they could post / thoughts / notes here, I’m sure folks would be interested!

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Finally got around to respond to this thread. Sadly i missed the call…

I would love to plan another one on the same topic, some time in late August?
In fact, i started the reading the book on “Learning to Make a Difference”, mentioned in this thread.
And I will try to frame the upcoming series of events on this theoretical framework, to learn more about ourselves, our processes.

We would love if some people here would join us remotely or physically to do this kinda meta-level of anthropological research together. I think it’s a great opportunity to “do an experiment”, and reflect on it at the same time to find out more about the GOSH community, how to organize events on DIY / local knowledge and document some important formats, findings and values we share.

Hello, I just discovered this thread. It is very interesting! I am dreaming about developing a local workshop for open-source science equipment. I have some very early stage lab but there is still a lot to do and I am very much interested to share ideas with people with similar ideas. Will you plan another call in August?
Best regards, Tanguy

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I’m still interested but haven’t been on the last few calls. @Albercook has been connecting with @Dip I know, I’d love to hear any updates from them.

I’m game to join a call, later August would work for me as well!

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Hi JF :slight_smile: